Page updated: 11 Oct 2011
Diabetes

Diabetes

This section provides information for people with diabetes who wish to find out about what local services are available to them and health care professionals who wish to access local guidelines and pathways. 

There will also be information about local educational courses available to people with diabetes and health care professionals. 

Diabetes describes a condition in which the body cannot make proper use of carbohydrate in food because the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the insulin produced is ineffective, or a combination of both.

Insulin is the hormone that helps glucose (sugar) from the digestion of carbohydrate in food, move into the body's cells where it is used for energy.  When insulin is not present or is ineffective, glucose builds up in the blood.

By following a treatment plan, which includes healthy diet and regular physical activity, people with diabetes can control the amount of glucose in the blood and lead a healthy life.

The main symptoms of diabetes are: 

  • Increased thirst
  • Going to the toilet all the time especially at night 
  • Extreme tiredness 
  • Weight loss 
  • Genital itching or regular episodes of thrush 
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds 
  • Blurred vision.
Types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes develops when the insulin producing cells in the pancreas have been destroyed.  The most likely cause is the body having an abnormal reaction to the cells, this may be triggered by a viral or other infection.

Type 2 diabetes is caused because the insulin that the body produced doesn't work properly (insulin resistance).  It usually appears in middle aged or older people although more frequently is being diagnosed in younger overweight people.

 

Diabetes Day to Day

Diabetes Day to Day

Putting you in control

All your answers to diabetes in one easy pack.

  • Complete the fun workbook
  • Learn to manage your diabetes

We also have a Bengali version.

 

Swindon CCG, Floor five, David Murray John Building, Brunel Centre, Swindon, SN1 1LH Tel: 01793 444614 or 01793 444655